Roman writers like Horace extolled the value of virtue while listing and warning against vices.
His first epistles says that “to flee vice is the beginning of virtue, and to have got rid of folly is the beginning of wisdom.” An allegorical image depicting the human heart subject to the seven deadly sins, each represented by an animal (clockwise: toad = avarice; snake= envy; lion = wrath; snail = sloth; pig = gluttony; goat = lust; peacock = pride).
The seven deadly sins in their current form are not found in the Bible, however there are biblical antecedents.Medieval church leaders (e.g., Thomas Aquinas) took a more expansive view of gluttony, Of these, ardenter is often considered the most serious, since it is extreme attachment to the pleasure of mere eating, which can make the committer eat impulsively; absolutely and without qualification live merely to eat and drink; lose attachment to health-related, social, intellectual, and spiritual pleasures; and lose proper judgement: an example is Esau selling his birthright for ordinary food of bread and pottage of lentils. Thomas Aquinas wrote, “Greed is a sin against God, just as all mortal sins, in as much as man condemns things eternal for the sake of temporal things.” In Dante’s Purgatory, the penitents were bound and laid face down on the ground for having concentrated excessively on earthly thoughts.Hoarding of materials or objects, theft and robbery, especially by means of violence, trickery, or manipulation of authority are all actions that may be inspired by Greed.) is the overindulgence and overconsumption of anything to the point of waste.The word derives from the Latin gluttire, meaning to gulp down or swallow.